“The Taj Mahal rises above the banks of the river like a solitary tear suspended on the cheek of time.” – Rabindranath Tagore
A UNESCO world heritage site and one of the new seven wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal is the icon of India. An immense mausoleum of white marble, The Taj Mahal, which is built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife. It is the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage across the globe.
The Taj Mahal is the beautiful white marble mausoleum situated in the eastern part of Indian city of Agra, on the right bank of the yamuna river. Located in the widespread Mughal garden of about 17 hectares, the Taj is considered to be one of the finest architectural masterpieces. It’s construction began in 1630 and it got completed in a time span of almost 20 years or 22 years. Shah Jahan went through numerous designs before finally settling on the present structure of the Taj Mahal. It is among the new seven wonders of the world. Taj Mahal is also one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture. The Taj Mahal is recognised as “The Jewel of Muslim Art in India”.
What Is It Made From?
Pure white marble is used to make Taj Mahal. It stands on a platform of 8.5 m height. The mausoleum rises to a height of 32.4 m. The bulbous dome appears like an inverted lotus flower in the centre of the cupolas. the four corners of the building has four smaller domes. The pillars that stand in the four corners are inclined a little. The outer walls and the interior walls are richly decorated with exquisite inlay work and calligraphy.
The mausoleum Taj Mahal complex can be divided into 5 sections –
- Moonlight garden – Mehtab Bagh or moonlight garden is located opposite of the Taj Mahal complex across Yamuna river in Agra.
- Riverfront terrace – Also known as Kursi or throne, contains the mausoleum, mosque and mihman khana.
- Charbagh garden – Charbagh means the garden divided in four sections. In each section there are 16 flower beds. This garden contains a pavilion to the Taj.
- Jilau Khana – The Chawk-i Jilau Khana is a forecourt for the tomb attendees.
- TajGanj – Taj ganj is a busy market like area containing gardens and gates encircling the Taj Mahal complex.
Symbol Of Love
The renowned Taj Mahal is not just an architectural master-piece but it is a symbol of love for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal after she passed away. He built the Taj in the honor of the memory of his loving wife. Shah Jahan brought finest artisans from all over the world to build it. He wanted to make something that had never been done before for anyone. The emperor wished to give the last gift to his wife whom he loved very much. Even till date, people sing praises about Shah Jahan’s grand gesture. It makes you believe in love and appreciate it like never before. The body of the eternal lovers lies under the tomb. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are buried next to each other and even after death, they remained side by side.
10 Interesting Facts About Taj Mahal
Author – Surabhi Nigam is Project Head at LearnFatafat who is also interested in travelling.
Posted By – LearnFatafat